Karnataka Higher Court On University Demolition For Mysore Expressway, Orders New Creating

The Karnataka Substantial Court has directed the State Government to forthwith recognize/approve determined land for building of a college building in Maddur Taluk, which was demolished right after land on which it stood was obtained for widening and upgrading Bangalore – Mysore Freeway.

A one decide bench of Justice M Nagaprasanna was irked by the a few yr hold off at the hand of the state governing administration officers in constructing the new university building and on perusal of the photographs highlighting the circumstances in the makeshift colleges which the young children are attending. It explained “This Court docket would not allow the State to reduce the basic right of little ones below Posting 21-A of the Constitution of India, to a “mere rope of sand””.

The bench cited the instance of Japan, in which in a distant place on the Island of Hokkaido, trains operate by the Point out stop there only few instances a working day, at the time to select up the only lady for college and afterwards, to fall her again when the university working day is over. The prepare station exists only for just one faculty likely baby and the trains run at the price tag of the State for one faculty going baby, Court pointed.

It explained “People spherical the globe tipped their hats in praise of the Japanese Federal government for earning schooling even of one baby a best priority. It was lauded as great governance at the grass-root level.

Then it expressed “The officers of the State governing administration have to bear in mind that right of every single citizen issues and no little one can be left powering. The concern ahead of this Court is not “just just one school”, it is “even one school”.

Circumstance Information:

The School Progress and Monitoring Committee of the Government Lessen Key College, Agaralingana Doddi, Maddur Taluk had approached the court docket looking for a way to the govt to get immediate motion for initiation of method of identification of land and rebuilding of the Government University.

The topic university was established 35 many years back. As and when the power of college students would boost, the want for growing the faculty with expected infrastructure also increased. Several associates in the Village then volunteered and donated 10 guntas of land in favour of the Condition only for the purpose of setting up the College.

The Authorities university then arrived inside of the jurisdiction of the Gram Panchayat as it was in the vicinity of Agaralingana Doddi Gram Panchayat. The Condition then made two rooms, a kitchen area and bathroom both equally for boys and women in the space that was donated by the associates of the village and set up a new setting up in the claimed spot. From 2003 upto 2018 the university was performing in its whole swing. 25 students, both boys and ladies, were researching in the claimed university from to start with to fifth regular.

In the year 2016 the National Highways Authority of India undertook a challenge of widening and upgrading Bangalore – Mysore Highway, into a 10-lane street. The land in which the college was set up was also notified for acquisition which led to demolition of the entire school making. NHAI awarded a compensation of about Rs. 67 lakh. The Committee then in 2020 created a illustration to the Block Schooling officer for utilization of payment amount for getting an different land for design of a new school constructing but, in vain.

The Authorities did not determine any land in the vicinity. But a circular was issued by the Condition on 10-06-2020 directing payment sum obtained by the School on its demolition to be right away deposited to the consolidated account of the Condition. Because the university was not becoming established up, the members of the village began to protest for identification of the land and development of the school creating.

This led to the Committee getting up a small area and setting up a school so that the young children ought to not go out of schooling. The compact space does not have any features, it is averred. It does not have a kitchen area or a washroom it was stated.

State Authorities opposed the plea:

The Point out govt submitted that the Committee has no locus to knock at the doorways of this court. Additional, the payment volume need to initial appear to the consolidated fund of the Condition and only then the Point out would launch funds for institution of a new university setting up.

It was also reported “The 25 learners in the school are now directed to be accommodated in a university presently working in Hunasemarada Doddi which is possibly 500 meters or 1 km. absent from the earlier university creating which stood demolished, the creating would be re-made only right after the payment total getting deposited.”

In reply the committee contended that the kids have to cross a state freeway to achieve obtain to the mentioned school. For that reason, the youthful children can not be set at risk to go to the college the place the children are sought to be accommodated.


At the outset the bench remarked that social and financial improvement of the country depends upon its educated population. “For a thriving democratic system, education and learning is a essential need. The right of young children for cost-free and compulsory education was enacted by the Parliament on 04-08-2009. The Act will make training a essential correct of every boy or girl involving the ages 6 to 14 and specifies least norms in elementary educational facilities.

It then pointed that Condition is under the constitutional obligation to provide schooling to all young children of the age of 6 to 14 years for which objective it is the duty of the State to deliver/build essential infrastructure and successful machinery for good implementation of the mentioned suitable, failing which, the right to instruction assured below Report 21-A would keep on being illusory.

The correct underneath Article 21-A has grow to be a mockery in the situation at hand, not at the occasion of any private players, but at the occasion of officials of the Point out owing to the at any time known malady of “red tapism”…If the situation at hand is found, it demonstrates apathy on the component of the Point out toward youngsters, notwithstanding the appropriate of the young children for free and compulsory instruction, under Post 21-A of the Structure of India,” it noticed.

Rejecting the argument of the State that the petition was not maintainable, the court docket stated “It is to be seen at what phase the Committee is prior to this Court docket espousing the result in of the little ones searching for to implement the basic appropriate of youngsters for cost-free and compulsory education and learning. Hence, the stand of the Condition is unacceptable.

The Faculty Enhancement and Checking Committee, is a statutory Committee constituted less than the Karnataka Suitable of Kids to No cost and Compulsory Education Principles, 2012, and it performs manifold functions, famous the court.

The Committee has framed its bye legislation named the Karnataka Gram Panchayat (University Development and Monitoring Committees)(Product) Bye-Rules, 2006 in conditions of Portion 3 of the Karnataka Condition Civil Products and services Act, 1978. Bye-legislation 10 (j) and (q), empower the Committee to receive, buy or normally possess or get on lease or hire temporarily specific houses that are necessary for furtherance of its functions qua the school, supervise all homes and finances of the College.

Hence, it is not that the Committee is toothless, the Courtroom noticed. The communications manufactured among the offices obviously indicate that the proper to free and obligatory instruction of little ones, significantly in the Federal government school, is addressed with utmost callousness, which cannot be countenanced, it added.

The bench claimed Point out should to have taken quick techniques, on receipt of payment amount of money in the calendar year 2020 from the Countrywide Highways Authorities, in reply to the illustration of the Committee to assemble school setting up with no any reduction of time, so that the younger small children would not drop their schooling.

The officers who managed these data files are responsible for this sort of apathy in the direction of the cause of the small children in the Federal government university…These kids are wholly dependent on free of charge and obligatory training that they are given as their essential suitable underneath Short article 21-A of the Structure of India and the similar cannot be rendered illusory by sheer purple tapism on the section of officers of the Point out.

Accordingly it permitted the petition and clarified that given that Legislative Assembly elections are now notified and the officers of the Point out would be utilised by the Election Commission of India. It permitted the building of the university building following identification of the land from 01-06-2023 and report this sort of compliance to this Courtroom.

Scenario Title: THE School Improvement AND Monitoring COMMITTEE And THE State OF KARNATAKA & Some others

Situation No: WRIT PETITION No.21595 OF 2022

Citation: 2023 LiveLaw (Kar) 151

Day of Get: 13-04-2023

Look: PRAKASH M.H., ADVOCATE For Petitioner.



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