Can my tenant claim squatter’s rights?

Can my tenant claim squatter’s rights?

My father has enable land for the past 14 decades to a neighbour of ours. There is no penned lease in put and the farmer pays my father in money after a 12 months.

I am worried that this gentleman could declare squatter’s legal rights over my father’s lands now, or later when he passes on. My father is in his 90s and truly trusts this male. He thinks he will “rock the boat” if he asks him to indication a lease?

What would you recommend?

Dear Reader, 

These varieties of leases are not abnormal, whilst are starting to be less commonplace. Your father has an oral lease with the tenant, and I be aware that the tenant can make payments every 12 months to your father in dollars. I will handle your question in relation a squatter’s legal rights assert to start with.

Adverse possession, as it is recognized in authorized conditions (usually acknowledged as squatter’s legal rights), enables a 3rd social gathering to assert a suitable over land which is registered in the identify of a different person on the foundation that they have occupied the land repeatedly for around 12 several years with the intention of excluding all others, including the real operator.

If the claimant is profitable, he or she is entitled to be the registered operator of the land in query. The prior owner is ousted and the claimant gains title. 

A declare that a particular person has been in profession of the assets for the expected number of a long time is not enough. All disorders want to be satisfied. These sorts of apps or promises are incredibly complicated, and the burden is really superior.

A person are not able to be a squatter and a tenant. The two are special of a single yet another. The truth that the tenant pays lease to your father is an acknowledgement of your father’s title and possession of the land.

Having said that, supplied the actuality there is no penned lease in area and payments are manufactured to your father in cash, from what you have told me, indicates there is no written document of a lease staying in existence.

It would be a good idea to place a prepared lease in put which sets out each parties’ obligations and gives handy lawful protection. In addition, leasing is pleasing to landowners in unique as there are fantastic tax incentives for landowners to enter into a lease arrangement. This is the major rationale oral leases are a lot less frequent currently.

A lease is a created authorized agreement concerning the landowner and the tenant. Apart from offering a published history and facts of the payments, you can also set more clauses and circumstances in location. 

For instance, clauses could be inserted that the farmer would insure the land and indemnify your father in respect of all statements or liabilities arising from his use of the residence, that he could not sublet the land without your father’s composed consent, that he does not have an automatic correct of renewal of the lease, that he would place back again the land in grass at the finish of expression and many others.

Clauses could also be inserted in respect of the termination of the lease by possibly social gathering if both party wishes to conclude the lease. When a individual is leasing home, they can be afforded particular rights under landlord and tenant legislation, these types of legal rights consist of the ideal to a new tenancy. It is critical that your father obtains lawful assistance.

It is also crucial that your father seeks tax guidance from an accountant or tax advisor in respect of very long-time period leasing as it may well have tax outcomes if he wishes to transfer the farm to a baby in his lifetime.

Karen Walsh, from a farming track record, is a solicitor practising at Walsh & Companions Solicitors, 17 South Shopping mall, Cork, and 88 Major Street, Midleton, Co Cork, and also the writer of ‘Farming and the Law’. Walsh & Associates also specialises in particular damage statements, conveyancing, probate, and spouse and children legislation.

Electronic mail:  [email protected] 


  • Though each work is taken to guarantee the accuracy of the details contained in this article, Karen Walsh does not settle for obligation for faults or omissions howsoever arising. Audience really should seek authorized information in relation to their individual situation at the earliest opportunity.
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